How Is President of India Elected True Facts

By | December 18, 2021

How Is President of India Elected True Facts

The President of India is known as the first citizen of the country and the head of state. The President-elect of India is a member of the Executive Council of the Union and a number of other members of parliament including the Prime Minister, the Attorney-General of India and the Deputy President.

The provisions of the Presidential election are set out in Article 54 of the Constitution of India. The Presidential and Deputy Presidential Election Act of 1952 led to the establishment of this constitution.

Current Mr. Ram Nath Kovind is the President of India. He took office on July 25, 2017. He is the 14th President of India and was elected along with the electoral college.

Qualifications for Presidency of India

Qualifications for Presidency of India are given below:

  • Must be an Indian citizen
  • A person must complete 35 years.
  • A person must be eligible for election as a member of the House of Representatives.
  • It should not have a government office (central or regional) for profit. However, if
  • The person is eligible to be elected President if he or she holds the office of President or Deputy President.
  • A person is eligible to be elected President if he or she holds the office of Governor.
    A person is eligible to be elected President if he or she holds the position of Minister of Union / State.

How to be elected President of India

The president of India is indirectly elected by the Electoral College following a system of equitable representation using a single transferable ballot system and secret ballots. Members of Parliament and Members of Parliament vote on the basis of equal and equal numbers.

Nomination of Electoral College

International Legal Entities:

According to the provisions of Article 333, every Regional Legislature must have at least 60 members but not more than 500 members.

Council of States:

The 12 members are appointed by the President of India based on the skills or knowledge of literature, art, science, and social work to serve as members of the Council of Provinces. In total, 238 are represented as representatives from both regions and territories of the Union.

People’s House:

The construction of the People’s House consists of 530 members (no excess) from state districts. They are elected by direct election. The President also nominates 20 (not more) members from the Union constituencies.

Similarities in the representation scale of states

In order to maintain a balance between the votes cast, the following formula is used:

MLA vote value = total number. population of a particular constituency / number of elected Members of Parliament of that province divided by 1000 people.

One-vote system

During a presidential election, one voter can cast only one vote. Although the vote of Members of Parliament may vary by province, the vote of Members of Parliament remains unchanged.

Balance of votes for Parliament and Members of Parliament-

The total number of votes in Parliament must be equal to the total number of MLAs in order to maintain the State and the balance of the Union.


The candidate who achieves the winning or passing share is the winner. The claimed formula is ‘Total voting rate / seat number +1’.

Voter preferences-

During a presidential election, a voter votes in favor of his or her first favorite candidate. However, in the unlikely event that the first candidate does not touch the winning prize, the vote will automatically go to the second preferred.

Vote transfer-

The first candidate with the lowest vote is removed and the votes cast in his favor are passed on to the remaining candidates.

Equal representation

  • The President of India is elected on an equal basis through a single vote (Section 55 (3)).
  • Moderate representation allows independent candidates and minority groups to have the opportunity to be represented.
  • Equal representation allows for the practice of working with multiple voters under one government.
  • The proportional representation system ensures that the electorate does not represent the majority of voters’ opinion.


  • The President has the right to remuneration, allowances and remuneration as may be determined by Parliament.
  • You have the right to use his or her official residence for free.
  • His salary and allowances are levied on the Consolidated Fund of India.
  • The President’s salary and allowances may not be reduced during his or her term of office.

Indirect election of the first Indian

In a large country like India, the government follows a cabinet plan. Therefore, a bright leader is very important to direct and govern the country. If the Presidents were not directly elected, it would be very difficult.

It can be, in fact, catastrophic because the public does not have the full precision of how a presidential ship operates or if the candidate is equal to the presidential profile. Another reason why the straightforward election process does not favor the incumbent is to run for office with the help of a political party.

Also, this will create major political instability. Moreover, it would be difficult and impossible for the government to provide election machines (given the large number of Indians). This will cost the government money, and it could end up costing the economy as well.

The indirect electoral system is a respectable system for the First Person of India (appropriately qualified). The system / indirect electoral system also allows governments to maintain neutrality and reduce hostility.

Must Read – 10 Ways To How To Join Indian Army 2021

Protection granted to the President of India

  • He or she may not be liable to any court for the exercise or performance of the powers and functions of his or her office or any other act which he or she intends to exercise in the exercise and performance of those powers and functions:
    Provided that his conduct may be reviewed by any court, tribunal or body designated or designated by the House of Assembly to investigate the case under Section 61.
  • No criminal proceedings may be instituted against him or in any other court during his tenure.
  • The No arbitrary arrest or detention will be effected on any court during his term of office.
  • No criminal proceedings may be instituted against him during his term of office in any court of law against any act which he has committed or intends to be committed by himself, whether before or after his office. President, for the next two months after written notice has been served on him. [Article 361]


  • The President may be removed from office for violating the Constitution.
  • Lok Sabha or Rajya Sabha may elect to charge a fee and a 14-day written notice may be signed by not less than one-fourth of all members of the House.
  • The decision on the President’s charges must be approved by at least two thirds of all members of the House.
  • If, after the investigation of a case, it is declared that the charge against the President has ceased, that decision will have the effect of removing the President from office from the date the resolution is passed.

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